Massachusetts National Guard (Lawrence, MA)


In response to the Mexican Revolution and the crisis on the Mexican Border caused by increased guerrilla incursions into United States territory in 1916, President Woodrow Wilson dispatched a Regular Army force into Mexico under Gen. John J. Pershing in pursuit of Francisco “Pancho” Villa. At the same time, President Wilson activated the National Guard to secure the Border region in what was the first large-scale deployment of National Guard troops to support Homeland Security and defend against terrorism. Each of the states contributed troops for a deployment period of approximately 90 days (in keeping with the Act of 1903) from 1916-1919.

Lawrence Militia units F and L of the Ninth and Eighth Infantry, respectively, and Battery C of the Field Artillery joined the troops at the Mexican border in June of 1916.  They returned in October of the same year, fit and healthy, not a man lost to disease or combat.


14th from the left is Frank J. Killiley.

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